Entries found for search: film
film : Now, 35mm film accommodates the 6-track digital sound, but previously almost all films released in 70mm from 1971-1992 which were originally photographed in 35mm and then blown up to the 70mm format specifically for playback with 6-track sound. The motion picture exhibition format from 1955-1971, 70mm, contained 6-track magnetic sound, using camera equipment manufactured by Todd-AO and Panavision. The camera negative was 65mm wide, with the additional 5mm outside the sprocket holes used for the magnetic stripes on release prints. Almost all modern 70mm prints in the U.S. have no magnetic track, but instead use DTS in conjunction with a wide timecode track outside of the perforations.
film chain : A device consisting of a motion picture projector and video camera, used to copy films onto videotape or to broadcast them directly. To adapt the 24 fps U.S. frame rate to the 30 fps NTSC video frame-rate, some chains use a projector with a five-bladed shutter, which shows each frame of film five times onto the vidicon tube of the video camera. The resulting 120 fps are regrouped four-at-a-time into 30 video images per second.
film footage : There are 16 fps per foot of a standard 35mm film image, each lasting four sprocket holes. At the standard rate of 24 fps, 35mm film runs at 90 feet per minute, or 18 inches per second. See frame.
film soundtrack : The audio component, including DME, of a film composition. There is usually a requirement for sound to be synchronized to the video image. This has been achieved by a variety of means, including the recording of sound on optical tracks etched into the film emulsion alongside the frames, fixing magnetic tracks on the film surface, synchronizing the film with a separate tape machine by means of mechanical sprockets, and electronic sync using systems such as SMPTE. See also Dolby Stereo, LC Concept, SR.D, pilot tone, layback recorder, source track.
magnetic film : AudioVideo recording tape manufactured using a base of the same physical film stocks, e.g., 16mm, 35mm, etc., and which contains a magnetic area running longitudinally down the film for the recording of an audio track or tracks. Magnetic film is 3-5 mils thick, so that the same length of film and magnetic film will be of equal diameters when wound on reels. Full-coat magnetic film has magnetic oxide applied across its entire width. Striped magnetic film can have one or more thin stripes of oxide applied longitudinally on the film base. There is usually one (wide) stripe containing a single track of audio (in the same size and location as track-one of a 3-track), while another (smaller) stripe is placed on the opposite side to make the film pack evenly when wound together, usually known as a balance stripe. The balance stripe is sometimes used to record timecode from 1/4 inch or DAT timecoded production masters. Also called mag. Not used since the advent of synchronized audio multitrack recording. See film soundtrack.