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Entries found for search: track

A-track : The primary dialog track cut by the picture editor. The B-track and subsequent tracks would be used for overdubs.

ambience track : An edited roll of magnetic film, or one track of a multitrack tape, assembled by the sound editor in preparation for the final mix of a motion picture or video production, containing the series of room tones or ambient sounds of the various sets and locations in which a scene was shot.

address track : A control/timing track on the edge of videotape (1", C, and 3/4" formats) that contains control data for quick and accurate location of program material, recorded at the same time as the picture. See control track.

3-track : A mix of all the soundtracks of a film, in which the sounds are divided into the DME stems, each stem recorded on a separate stripe along the width of the 35mm magnetic film. Also called 3-stripe.

4-track : A film soundtrack format used for overseas markets. Called a completely filled mix, the four-track stereo M&E mix is ready for the addition of dubbed languages. The M&E tracks should include background sound effects and room tone for every scene, i.e., all sound except dialog.

backing track : Pre-recorded music used by a singer or other musician during a performance and which augments or entirely replaces other performers. This has become increasingly popular as musicians attempt to recreate the sound of their studio recordings live on stage.

basic track : The group of instruments or vocalists recorded first during a multitrack session. This group, usually including bass, drums, and standard rhythm section, will be played back through headphones to other instrumentalists who later overdub solos, lead or background vocals, or narration, and other sweetening or sound effects. See also backing track, bed.

black-track print : A version of the answer print which has no sound, i.e., it is "silent," made from the original camera negative. The first answer prints are usually black-track in order to proceed with the color timing, even though post-production sound has not been finalized.

buzz track : Alignment film used to set the lateral alignment of the optical film recording areas for replay.

click track : A click track records a series of clicks, like a metronome, on one channel of a multitrack tape recorder or one channel on a MIDI sequencer. The click track is used to synchronize the recording of subsequent tracks by playing it back via headphones to the musicians while they are overdubbing the added tracks.

cloth track : See Foley.

control track : (1) One track of a multitrack magnetic tape recorder used for recording special signals that provide control information to the recording console during automated mixdown. (2) A dedicated track prerecorded with a pilot tone, used on video tape which marks the start of each video frame in order to resolve playback speed by controlling and synchronizing the video frames. Can be used to count time for editing, but is prone to slip and lose count during winding. In 1" and " formats, SMPTE timecodetime code information is sent to a separate address track which creates confusion about the names of both of the tracks. See blacking, sync-locksync lock.

cue track : A track of recorded music and/or clicks which are sent over headphones to the musicians and/or singers to assist them in overdubbing additional music/vocals. If the track is simply tempo clicks, it is known as a click track.

cut track : An edited track of a film soundtrack which is ready to be used either as a track in a premix (music or effects), or as a (dialog) track in the final mix.

edge track : (1) In multitrack recording, either of the recorded tracks located along the edge of the tape. (2) The U.S. standard position of the recorded track on 16mm magnetic film, i.e., the position along the edge opposite the sprocket holes. See film soundtrack.

effects track : (1) An edited track of magnetic film containing sounds other than dialog or music. There can be many effects prepared for a film mix. (2) In videotape productions whose sound is assembled on a multitrack tape, the track or tracks on which sound effects are recorded. (3) In the 35mm three-track mix of a motion picture, the recorded track that contains sounds mixed from all the effects tracks. See film soundtrack.

envelope tracking : A function that changes the length of one or more envelope segments depending on which key on the keyboard is being played. Envelope tracking is most often used to give higher notes shorter envelopes and the lower notes longer envelopes, mimicking the response characteristics of percussion-activated acoustic instruments. Also called keyboard tracking, key follow, and keyboard rate scaling. See ADSR.

three-track mix : See 3-track.

multitrack : An audio tape recorder capable of handling more than two tracks of information separately, but generally applied to recorders which handle eight or more tracks. Otherwise, the recorder is called a two-track or four-track recorder. Also, the actual recording tape on which eight or more tracks are recorded. The tape is nonsprocketed and the recorder may be analog or digital. The most common analog format is 24-track, 2” tape; the digital market is shared between the DASH format, using either 24- or 48-track ” tape or the ProDigital format which records 32 tracks on 1” tape. MEMs use video cassettes to record 8-12 tracks of audio, but up to 128 tracks can be simultaneously recorded by locking together multiple transports.

film soundtrack : The audio component, including DME, of a film composition. There is usually a requirement for sound to be synchronized to the video image. This has been achieved by a variety of means, including the recording of sound on optical tracks etched into the film emulsion alongside the frames, fixing magnetic tracks on the film surface, synchronizing the film with a separate tape machine by means of mechanical sprockets, and electronic sync using systems such as SMPTE. See also Dolby Stereo, LC Concept, SR.D, pilot tone, layback recorder, source track.

four-track : See quarter track.

full-track : A 1/4" tape format in which a single, mono track is recorded across the entire tape width. Loosely used to refer to wider tape formats in which each of two or four tracks is 1/4" wide."

half track : (1) A recording format in which two parallel tracks are recorded in a single pass on a tape, each track using slightly less than half of the tape width. On some machines, a very narrow track with SMPTE or other synchronizing information is recorded and reproduced in the guard band. In this case, the data is frequency-modulated onto a very high-frequency tone in order to minimize crosstalk or bleeding into the audio. (2) A tape machine which records on half of the tape width only. This allows the tape to be inverted at the end of its play time, doubling the recording time for a given length of tape. See also two-track, four-track."

keyboard tracking : See envelope tracking.

live-to-two-track : See direct-to-two-track.

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