Acoustic labyrinth

(1) A type of design for the housing of highly directional microphones that enhances the rejection of off-axis sources. Two or more concentric tubes in front of (and sometimes around) the capsule create a compact series of folded pathways through which all sounds approach the diaphragm. Those arriving on-axis reach the capsule via these paths in phase coherence. Off-axis sounds, due to the different lengths of the passways, reach the diaphragm and are partially or fully removed due to phase cancellation. (2) A type of speaker enclosure in which sound waves emanating from the rear of the woofer cone travel through a long, folded interior path before coupling with the outside. This extends bass response considerably.

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