Distortion

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Also called correlated noise. Any (usually) unwanted sound which varies with the input signal.

(1) Any undesirable change in the characteristics of an audio signal of six types: The two types of (i) nonlinear distortion are intermodulation distortion and harmonic distortion. Other types of distortion are (ii) frequency distortion (pitch-shift), (iii) phase distortion (time shift), (iv) transient distortion,(v) scale (volumedistortion, and (vi) frequency modulation distortion. There are other factors which cause music reproduction to be untrue to the original but which are not considered distortion, such as background noise, and a lack of directional realism and proper ambience due to the use of too few channels of reproduction. See noise.

(2) A sound modulation technique whereby the original waveform is distorted intentionally.

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