WAV (.wav)

The Windows audio file format. Typically encountered as filename.wav, developed as the standard format for multimedia sound applications. WAV is the most common of several file types that conform to the RIFF specification, and so may be referred to as the RIFF WAV format. WAV files can include mono or multichannel audio at 8-bit or 16-bit resolution at a variety of sampling rates up to 44.1kHz. The format supports different compression schemes, but the most common is IMA/ADPCM at 4:1 for 16-bit sounds.”

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